The Great Migration
The Great Migration
Ships to New England, 1633 - 1635
It an amazing story of God's Providence and the skill of English seamen that dozens of Atlantic ocean passages
were made in little wooden ships bringing our Puritan ancestors to America almost without mishap in the 1630's;
the unhappy exception being the harrowing story of the Angel Gabriel, 1635, which met a terrible storm and cast up on the
coast of Maine with only a few survivors.
There were perhaps 30,000 emigrants from England to New England before the English Civil War.
These folks were mainly from the English middle-class, self-motivated to find a place where they might live, worship, and raise their families
without government harassment. This movement of people is called the Great Migration.
Their motivation was religious, political, and economic. The British church and government was becoming insufferably hieratic,
tyrannical, and tax-hungry. Common resentment among the English people led soon to the English Revolution beginning in 1642,
and eventually to the beheading of King Charles for treason in 1649, after agents intercepted his secret invitations to foreign kings
and armies, that they invade England, crush Parliament and the English Constitution, massacre his English opponents, and restore Charles
to his pretended "Dei gratia" royal privileges. Charles Stuart continued incorrigibly to hold his dynastic interest separate and above those
of Parliament and the British people, and ultimately Parliament had no alternative but to end his conspiracies, par coup de hache.
The Great Migration ended at the start of the English Civil War.
Then for a time in the 1640's was hope rekindled in the people that they might live in liberty in England, and the flow of emigrants ceased,
in fact reversed. Many brave New Englishmen and their sons returned to fight in England to uphold Parliament and the Commonwealth.
The true history of the British Commonwealth has been a forbidden topic in Britain since the restoration of monarchy, 1661.
But that is another story...
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